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Philosophy at the School of Advanced Study

School of Advanced Study, University of London

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Philosophy at the School of Advanced Study
Philosophy at the School of Advanced Study

Philosophy at the School of Advanced Study

School of Advanced Study, University of London

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A series of lectures covering various philosophical topics.

Latest Episodes

The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 3 - The Future of Prediction

Institute of Philsophy The Chandaria Lectures 2016 Lecture 3 - The Future of Prediction Professor Andy Clark (University of Edinburgh) The Institute of Philosophy is delighted to announce that this year's Chandaria Lecture series will be given by Professor Andy Clark of the University of Edinburgh. The ‘predictive processing†framework shows great promise as a means of both understanding and integrating many of the core information processing strategies underlying perception, thought, and action. But this leaves many questions unanswered. What is the true scope of this story – can it really be a theory of ‘everything cognitive� Is it falsifiable? Can a story that posits prediction error minimization as cognitive bedrock accommodate the undoubted attractions of novelty and exploration? What can it tell us about specifically human forms of thought and reason? And what, if anything, does it have to say about the nature and possibility of conscious experience itsel...

59 MIN2016 OCT 25
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The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 3 - The Future of Prediction

The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 1 - Prediction Machines

Institute of Philosophy The Chandaria Lectures 2016 Lecture 1 - Prediction Machines Professor Andy Clark (University of Edinburgh) The Institute of Philosophy is delighted to announce that this year's Chandaria Lecture series will be given by Professor Andy Clark of the University of Edinburgh. Biological brains are increasingly cast as 'prediction machines'; evolved organs forever trying to predict their own streams of incoming sensory stimulation. Rich, world-revealing perception only occurs, these stories suggest, when cascading neuronal activity is able to match the incoming sensory signal with a multi-level stream of apt 'top-down' predictions. This blurs the lines between perception, thought, and imagination, revealing them as inextricably tied together. In this talk, I first introduce this general explanatory schema, and then discuss these (and other) implications. I end by asking what all this suggests concerning the fundamental nature of our perceptual contact with the worl...

58 MIN2016 OCT 18
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The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 1 - Prediction Machines

Biological Identity Conference - Matteo Mossio

Institute of Philosophy Biological Identity Conference Day Two What does autonomy tell us about biological identity? Matteo Mossio (Paris) One of the central tenets of the autonomous perspective in biology is the idea that biological organisms are organized systems. Organization refers to a specific kind of regime, in which a set of constituents depend on each other for their own existence and maintenance; as a whole, the system can be said to realise self determination. It has been recently argued that biological organisation, understood in this way, provides a relevant ground for distinctive biological dimensions as teleology, normativity, functionality and individuation. In this talk, I explore to what extent biological organisation also provides useful criteria to think about biological identity. In particular, I suggest that the continuity of the organisation constitutes a central criterion, which maintains the identity of the organism in spite of various kinds of material, str...

-1 s2016 JUN 3
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Biological Identity Conference - Matteo Mossio

Biological Identity Conference - Eric T. Olson

Institute of Philosophy Biological Identity Conference Day Two Metaphysics and the problem of biological individuality Eric T. Olson (Sheffield) Discussions of biological individuality appear to concern the metaphysics of organisms. Yet these discussions typically ignore the substantial literature on the metaphysics of material things (or of any other metaphysical sort that organisms might belong to). This means that philosophers of biology are bound to make assumptions that many metaphysicians think they have strong reasons to reject, without being aware that these assumptions are in any way controversial. (Some philosophers of biology do not even seem to be aware that they are making metaphysical assumptions.) I donâ€t want to argue for or against any particular claim about the metaphysics of material things. I will argue that the way to formulate the problem of biological individuality, and the sort of thing that would count as a solution to it, depend on what metaphysical back...

37 MIN2016 JUN 3
Comments
Biological Identity Conference - Eric T. Olson
the END

Latest Episodes

The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 3 - The Future of Prediction

Institute of Philsophy The Chandaria Lectures 2016 Lecture 3 - The Future of Prediction Professor Andy Clark (University of Edinburgh) The Institute of Philosophy is delighted to announce that this year's Chandaria Lecture series will be given by Professor Andy Clark of the University of Edinburgh. The ‘predictive processing†framework shows great promise as a means of both understanding and integrating many of the core information processing strategies underlying perception, thought, and action. But this leaves many questions unanswered. What is the true scope of this story – can it really be a theory of ‘everything cognitive� Is it falsifiable? Can a story that posits prediction error minimization as cognitive bedrock accommodate the undoubted attractions of novelty and exploration? What can it tell us about specifically human forms of thought and reason? And what, if anything, does it have to say about the nature and possibility of conscious experience itsel...

59 MIN2016 OCT 25
Comments
The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 3 - The Future of Prediction

The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 1 - Prediction Machines

Institute of Philosophy The Chandaria Lectures 2016 Lecture 1 - Prediction Machines Professor Andy Clark (University of Edinburgh) The Institute of Philosophy is delighted to announce that this year's Chandaria Lecture series will be given by Professor Andy Clark of the University of Edinburgh. Biological brains are increasingly cast as 'prediction machines'; evolved organs forever trying to predict their own streams of incoming sensory stimulation. Rich, world-revealing perception only occurs, these stories suggest, when cascading neuronal activity is able to match the incoming sensory signal with a multi-level stream of apt 'top-down' predictions. This blurs the lines between perception, thought, and imagination, revealing them as inextricably tied together. In this talk, I first introduce this general explanatory schema, and then discuss these (and other) implications. I end by asking what all this suggests concerning the fundamental nature of our perceptual contact with the worl...

58 MIN2016 OCT 18
Comments
The Chandaria Lectures 2016 | Lecture 1 - Prediction Machines

Biological Identity Conference - Matteo Mossio

Institute of Philosophy Biological Identity Conference Day Two What does autonomy tell us about biological identity? Matteo Mossio (Paris) One of the central tenets of the autonomous perspective in biology is the idea that biological organisms are organized systems. Organization refers to a specific kind of regime, in which a set of constituents depend on each other for their own existence and maintenance; as a whole, the system can be said to realise self determination. It has been recently argued that biological organisation, understood in this way, provides a relevant ground for distinctive biological dimensions as teleology, normativity, functionality and individuation. In this talk, I explore to what extent biological organisation also provides useful criteria to think about biological identity. In particular, I suggest that the continuity of the organisation constitutes a central criterion, which maintains the identity of the organism in spite of various kinds of material, str...

-1 s2016 JUN 3
Comments
Biological Identity Conference - Matteo Mossio

Biological Identity Conference - Eric T. Olson

Institute of Philosophy Biological Identity Conference Day Two Metaphysics and the problem of biological individuality Eric T. Olson (Sheffield) Discussions of biological individuality appear to concern the metaphysics of organisms. Yet these discussions typically ignore the substantial literature on the metaphysics of material things (or of any other metaphysical sort that organisms might belong to). This means that philosophers of biology are bound to make assumptions that many metaphysicians think they have strong reasons to reject, without being aware that these assumptions are in any way controversial. (Some philosophers of biology do not even seem to be aware that they are making metaphysical assumptions.) I donâ€t want to argue for or against any particular claim about the metaphysics of material things. I will argue that the way to formulate the problem of biological individuality, and the sort of thing that would count as a solution to it, depend on what metaphysical back...

37 MIN2016 JUN 3
Comments
Biological Identity Conference - Eric T. Olson
the END
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