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case by case

Helen Emery

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Followers
9
Plays
case by case
case by case

case by case

Helen Emery

0
Followers
9
Plays
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About Us

Case by Case is a podcast centred around clinical cases, bringing in the UK guidelines to discuss the cases. Twice a month we will bring you a clinical case and have a discussion about differentials, investigations and management of the case. There will be a broad array of topics spanning the clinical arena.

Latest Episodes

Red Eye

In this podcast we discuss the case of: 44 year old female who presented at 4am in the morning with an acutely red and painful right eye. She had thought that the eye had started to feel a bit irritated that evening on returning from work and it had steadily worsened from there. She came to the ED as she couldn’t get off to sleep on account of the discomfort and felt as though there was something in the eye. She described some increased tearing but no discharge and mild blurred vision. No flashers or floaters. There was an associated mild headache, with mild photophobia. She denied trauma. She had been well recently. Contact lens wearer, often works very long hours and does not always take them out to sleep and perhaps does not change them as suggested. Past Medical History: Nil Drug History: Nil Social History: Lawyer, independent,Lives alone Examination Looked uncomfortable Visual acuity (corrected) LEFT 6/6, RIGHT 6/9 Full range of eye movements Visual Fields: normal Externally:...

17 MIN2018 APR 15
Comments
Red Eye

Not sepsis

In this podcast we discuss the case of: 34 year male brought in by ambulance feeling unwell. He had had a recent history (of about 48hrs) suggestive of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) - runny nose, productive cough, sore throat etc. However, in the last 12 hours or so she had started to feel much more unwell. He felt more washed out and lightheaded, developed nausea and had vomited once or twice. He also felt that there was a slight increase in the cough. He complained of a mild headache.He denied urinary symptoms although said the urine was darker than normal.There was no chest or abdominal pain or loose stool.He denied rashes, photophobia or neck stiffness. Past Medical History: Well controlled Crohn’s disease - didn’t feel like a flare Drug History: Budesonide 3mg TDS, NKDA Social History: Independent. Lives with partner. Accountant. A non-smoker. Examination He looked unwell, was mildly shocked - BP 89/53 and HR 118. Currently afebrile. A – Patent B – Talking in ful...

16 MIN2018 MAR 8
Comments
Not sepsis

Generally unwell

In this podcast we discuss the case of: A 28 year old female presented on a weekend after feeling unwell for about 5 days, she thought she had a cold/flu but it wasn’t improving so she came to the ED. She complained of very non-specific symptoms: mild headache, lethargy, felt a bit feverish, mild joint stiffness/pain. There were no coryzal symptoms - runny nose, cough, sore throat or sneezing. She had not felt like eating and drinking but was able to ‘force’ herself and was able to keep food/fluids down. She had been passing urine normally with no symptoms. There was no nausea or vomiting. There was no neck pain or headache or photophobia. Past Medical History : Normally fit and well Drug History: Nil regularly, NKDA. Social History: Independent, lived alone, she worked in IT and she was in the Army Reserve. No recent foreign travel. Examination She looked ok. Had normal vital signs, not tachycardic, normal BP, temperature of 37.8. ENT - normal, no lymphadenopathy. Respiratory - ...

17 MIN2018 FEB 8
Comments
Generally unwell

Collapse

In this podcast we discuss the case of: 66 year old gentleman was out having dinner with his family. He describes the pub as very hot, half way through eating his main course, he became very hot and a sweaty and then everything went blank. When he woke, his family were all gathered round him, fanning him. He had not bitten his oral mucosa and had not been incontinent. He felt a bit out of sorts, but knew where he was. An ambulance was called and he was brought to hospital. His wife attended hospital with him, and reports that half way through the meal, he became very quiet and visibly sweaty and fell unconscious for approximately one minute. She reports he was breathing throughout. When he came round, he was a little ‘dazed’ but quickly recovered. The family were a bit concerned because when he was unconscious he had some twitching of his arms and legs. The patient reported no preceding chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, he felt suddenly lightheaded just before he coll...

22 MIN2018 JAN 4
Comments
Collapse

Lower abdominal pain

In this podcast we discuss the case of 19 year old female with a history of abdominal pain. She had noticed the pain during a morning lecture and it had initially been mild and generalised. Early associated features included nausea, malaise and she had had two episodes of loose stool. She was a new student and had been living that lifestyle so she thought that it was probably due to alcohol. However in the last couple of hours, the pain had significantly worsened. She described it as constant and sharp. She had vomited and didn’t feel like eating or drinking. She had no further diarrhoea, was passing urine although concentrated. She was advised to come to hospital by the 111 service. There was no PV bleeding, no malena or haeamtemasis and no urinary symptoms. Her last menstrual period was 6 weeks ago and normal, she has a very irregular cycle that can vary from 3-8 weeks. She had well controlled asthma using salbutamol and beclomethasone, no other medications and no drug allergies....

20 MIN2017 NOV 3
Comments
Lower abdominal pain

Headache

In this podcast we chat through the case of a 23 year old female patient who walked into the Emergency Department complaining of a severe headache. She had no history of headaches. The pain was 9/10 and she couldn’t localise it. She said she’d had a niggling headache since lunchtime time but it had worsened throughout the day. Described as a throbbing pain, which didn’t radiate down to her neck. At home she’d tried paracetamol which eased it very slightly to an 8/10. Not worsening on bending or coughing. She felt more comfortable with the light off and just wanted to go to sleep. No vomiting. She stated her vision was fine at the time of review, but for about half an hour before the headache came on she reports not being able to see around the edge of both eyes. She denied any flashing lights or zig-zag lines, no speech disturbance and no weakness of her arms or legs. She had no past medical history, had a contraceptive coil fitted but on no medications. She lived with her partn...

23 MIN2017 SEP 29
Comments
Headache

Chest pain

We're going to run through the case of a 49 year old male that presented to the ED with a two day history of chest pain and shortness of breath - it was intermittent, with no pattern and he did not really think much of it. Today the pain had changed, it had become constant and more severe. He described the pain as central and heavy. It had been ongoing for about 45 minutes and was about 5-6/10 in severity. The pain came on gradually and did not radiate. There was some mild associated SOB but no nausea, vomiting, sweating, collapse. He had no previous episodes of chest pain or similar symptoms. He had no medical history, did not take any regular medications. He was a non-smoker, drank alcohol socially and denied ever taking illicit or recreational drugs. He was unaware of his cholesterol and base line blood pressure having not seen a GP for a while. There was no worrying family history. Have a listen to the podcast to see how best to manage this patient. Music by BenSound.

13 MIN2017 SEP 8
Comments
Chest pain
the END

Latest Episodes

Red Eye

In this podcast we discuss the case of: 44 year old female who presented at 4am in the morning with an acutely red and painful right eye. She had thought that the eye had started to feel a bit irritated that evening on returning from work and it had steadily worsened from there. She came to the ED as she couldn’t get off to sleep on account of the discomfort and felt as though there was something in the eye. She described some increased tearing but no discharge and mild blurred vision. No flashers or floaters. There was an associated mild headache, with mild photophobia. She denied trauma. She had been well recently. Contact lens wearer, often works very long hours and does not always take them out to sleep and perhaps does not change them as suggested. Past Medical History: Nil Drug History: Nil Social History: Lawyer, independent,Lives alone Examination Looked uncomfortable Visual acuity (corrected) LEFT 6/6, RIGHT 6/9 Full range of eye movements Visual Fields: normal Externally:...

17 MIN2018 APR 15
Comments
Red Eye

Not sepsis

In this podcast we discuss the case of: 34 year male brought in by ambulance feeling unwell. He had had a recent history (of about 48hrs) suggestive of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) - runny nose, productive cough, sore throat etc. However, in the last 12 hours or so she had started to feel much more unwell. He felt more washed out and lightheaded, developed nausea and had vomited once or twice. He also felt that there was a slight increase in the cough. He complained of a mild headache.He denied urinary symptoms although said the urine was darker than normal.There was no chest or abdominal pain or loose stool.He denied rashes, photophobia or neck stiffness. Past Medical History: Well controlled Crohn’s disease - didn’t feel like a flare Drug History: Budesonide 3mg TDS, NKDA Social History: Independent. Lives with partner. Accountant. A non-smoker. Examination He looked unwell, was mildly shocked - BP 89/53 and HR 118. Currently afebrile. A – Patent B – Talking in ful...

16 MIN2018 MAR 8
Comments
Not sepsis

Generally unwell

In this podcast we discuss the case of: A 28 year old female presented on a weekend after feeling unwell for about 5 days, she thought she had a cold/flu but it wasn’t improving so she came to the ED. She complained of very non-specific symptoms: mild headache, lethargy, felt a bit feverish, mild joint stiffness/pain. There were no coryzal symptoms - runny nose, cough, sore throat or sneezing. She had not felt like eating and drinking but was able to ‘force’ herself and was able to keep food/fluids down. She had been passing urine normally with no symptoms. There was no nausea or vomiting. There was no neck pain or headache or photophobia. Past Medical History : Normally fit and well Drug History: Nil regularly, NKDA. Social History: Independent, lived alone, she worked in IT and she was in the Army Reserve. No recent foreign travel. Examination She looked ok. Had normal vital signs, not tachycardic, normal BP, temperature of 37.8. ENT - normal, no lymphadenopathy. Respiratory - ...

17 MIN2018 FEB 8
Comments
Generally unwell

Collapse

In this podcast we discuss the case of: 66 year old gentleman was out having dinner with his family. He describes the pub as very hot, half way through eating his main course, he became very hot and a sweaty and then everything went blank. When he woke, his family were all gathered round him, fanning him. He had not bitten his oral mucosa and had not been incontinent. He felt a bit out of sorts, but knew where he was. An ambulance was called and he was brought to hospital. His wife attended hospital with him, and reports that half way through the meal, he became very quiet and visibly sweaty and fell unconscious for approximately one minute. She reports he was breathing throughout. When he came round, he was a little ‘dazed’ but quickly recovered. The family were a bit concerned because when he was unconscious he had some twitching of his arms and legs. The patient reported no preceding chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, he felt suddenly lightheaded just before he coll...

22 MIN2018 JAN 4
Comments
Collapse

Lower abdominal pain

In this podcast we discuss the case of 19 year old female with a history of abdominal pain. She had noticed the pain during a morning lecture and it had initially been mild and generalised. Early associated features included nausea, malaise and she had had two episodes of loose stool. She was a new student and had been living that lifestyle so she thought that it was probably due to alcohol. However in the last couple of hours, the pain had significantly worsened. She described it as constant and sharp. She had vomited and didn’t feel like eating or drinking. She had no further diarrhoea, was passing urine although concentrated. She was advised to come to hospital by the 111 service. There was no PV bleeding, no malena or haeamtemasis and no urinary symptoms. Her last menstrual period was 6 weeks ago and normal, she has a very irregular cycle that can vary from 3-8 weeks. She had well controlled asthma using salbutamol and beclomethasone, no other medications and no drug allergies....

20 MIN2017 NOV 3
Comments
Lower abdominal pain

Headache

In this podcast we chat through the case of a 23 year old female patient who walked into the Emergency Department complaining of a severe headache. She had no history of headaches. The pain was 9/10 and she couldn’t localise it. She said she’d had a niggling headache since lunchtime time but it had worsened throughout the day. Described as a throbbing pain, which didn’t radiate down to her neck. At home she’d tried paracetamol which eased it very slightly to an 8/10. Not worsening on bending or coughing. She felt more comfortable with the light off and just wanted to go to sleep. No vomiting. She stated her vision was fine at the time of review, but for about half an hour before the headache came on she reports not being able to see around the edge of both eyes. She denied any flashing lights or zig-zag lines, no speech disturbance and no weakness of her arms or legs. She had no past medical history, had a contraceptive coil fitted but on no medications. She lived with her partn...

23 MIN2017 SEP 29
Comments
Headache

Chest pain

We're going to run through the case of a 49 year old male that presented to the ED with a two day history of chest pain and shortness of breath - it was intermittent, with no pattern and he did not really think much of it. Today the pain had changed, it had become constant and more severe. He described the pain as central and heavy. It had been ongoing for about 45 minutes and was about 5-6/10 in severity. The pain came on gradually and did not radiate. There was some mild associated SOB but no nausea, vomiting, sweating, collapse. He had no previous episodes of chest pain or similar symptoms. He had no medical history, did not take any regular medications. He was a non-smoker, drank alcohol socially and denied ever taking illicit or recreational drugs. He was unaware of his cholesterol and base line blood pressure having not seen a GP for a while. There was no worrying family history. Have a listen to the podcast to see how best to manage this patient. Music by BenSound.

13 MIN2017 SEP 8
Comments
Chest pain
the END
hmly
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