title

Understanding Sin and Evil

Miryam Brand

21
Followers
8
Plays
Understanding Sin and Evil
Understanding Sin and Evil

Understanding Sin and Evil

Miryam Brand

21
Followers
8
Plays
OVERVIEWEPISODESYOU MAY ALSO LIKE

Details

About Us

Dr. Miryam Brand on Bible, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Ancient World

Latest Episodes

Dead Sea Scrolls & 2nd Temple Literature #2: The Book of Jubilees

Join us for a discussion of the Book of Jubilees, a prime example of “Rewritten Bible.” * Why would an author in antiquity want to believe in demons roaming with God’s permission?* How did writers in the Second Temple period attempt to “fix” the biblical text?* What biblical topics became a theological problem for Jews of this period? Listen and find out! You can download the source sheets here.

61 MINMAR 29
Comments
Dead Sea Scrolls & 2nd Temple Literature #2: The Book of Jubilees

Minor Prophets #1: Introduction to Minor Prophets – Trei Asar

Welcome to yet another new series! This class in Hebrew Bible will alternate with the Second Temple literature series. This introductory class will give you a quick overview of what makes the Twelve Minor Prophets — also known as Trei Asar — special. * What is exceptional about the “span” of these prophets?* Why are they grouped together?* What are their unique ideas?* Why are they so central for biblical prophecy? As the class continues, we will learn each of these books in turn. Please note: the sound quality in this talk is not the best. It will improve in future lectures. Download the source sheets here: * Order of the Minor Prophets* Timeline of the Prophetic Books * Chazal on Trei Asar – Minor Prophets

49 MINMAR 21
Comments
Minor Prophets #1: Introduction to Minor Prophets – Trei Asar

Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Literature #1: Introduction

Welcome to the beginning of a new lecture series: an overview of Jewish texts of the Second Temple period and the Dead Sea Scrolls. In this first, introductory class, we explore what makes these texts special and why we should learn them. Join us as we discuss the different collections of Jewish works from this period and touch on a wide range of important books, including Judith, Tobit, the books of the Maccabees, 1 Enoch, Jubilees and 4 Ezra. I hope that this talk whets your appetite for the series to come! Download the class handout here.

53 MINMAR 14
Comments
Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Literature #1: Introduction

#31: The Concubine of Gibeah – Pilegesh BaGive’ah

In this class, we discuss the ultimate example of collective punishment gone horribly, horribly wrong: the Concubine of Gibeah, known in Hebrew as Pilegesh BaGive’ah. This story closes the book of Judges (chapters 19-21), and for good reason. Join us as we discover its “Twilight Zone”-style reality and explore the downward spiral begun by legitimate outrage. We will look at the story’s inherent contradictions, its puzzling portrayal of its “protagonists,” contrasts with the Saul story, and more!

90 MINMAR 7
Comments
#31: The Concubine of Gibeah – Pilegesh BaGive’ah

#30: Collective and Intergenerational Punishment in the Bible – Review

We’re back! Join us as we engage in a high-level discussion on the different views of collective and intergenerational punishment in the Bible. * What does God and Abraham’s conversation on Sodom tell us about justice?* How is the problematic nature of collective punishment portrayed in the Hebrew Bible?* What problems does the concept of intergenerational punishment “solve” for its ancient audience?* How do Ezekiel and Jeremiah differ in their attitude to the idea that punishment lasts over generations?* What are the basic differences in the biblical attitude(s) toward collective and intergenerational punishment? I’m glad to be back with you! Please leave your questions or comments below.

47 MINFEB 21
Comments
#30: Collective and Intergenerational Punishment in the Bible – Review

#29: Ezekiel, Intergenerational Punishment & Individual Responsibility - Understanding Sin and Evil

This podcast is a continuation of the previous discussion on the shift of the biblical view and representation of intergenerational punishment. In this podcast, we delve into Ezekiel and his presentation of the “way things work”: there is no intergenerational punishment, and each individual is responsible for him or herself at every moment. Ezekiel is prophesying at the same time as Jeremiah, who presents the same negative attitude towards intergenerational punishment while still considering it a fact of everyday life. According to Jeremiah, it is only in the future age of redemption when intergenerational punishment will no longer exist. Why is there this shift towards individual responsibility, and why is it so important for Ezekiel’s audience? Listen to find out!

35 MIN2018 JUL 5
Comments
#29: Ezekiel, Intergenerational Punishment & Individual Responsibility - Understanding Sin and Evil

Intergenerational Punishment - Changing Worldviews in the Bible

In this episode we discuss the approach to divine intergenerational punishment (the punishment of a future generation for the sins of a past generation) in the Bible, such as in the “Divine Attributes” enumerated in Exodus, and how we can see a distinctive shift in the attitude toward intergenerational punishment in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Why did such a shift occur? What “problems” does the belief in intergenerational punishment solve, and why does the attitude toward this punishment change so drastically at the end of the First Temple period? Listen and post your questions and comments here!

32 MIN2018 JUL 5
Comments
Intergenerational Punishment - Changing Worldviews in the Bible

Collective Punishment -- Divine Morality and Human Justice

In this far-reaching episode, we discuss the idea of collective punishment in the Hebrew Bible, the problems it poses in the context of divine morality, and its (strict) limits in human justice. We explore the stories of Sodom and the Concubine of Gibeah, the statute of the “Rejected City” of Deuteronomy, and how the approach toward collective punishment changed in the course of biblical prophecy. In this episode, we discuss: * What are the differences between the “status” of collective punishment and intergenerational punishment in the Hebrew Bible? * What assumptions underlie Abraham’s dialogue with God preceding the destruction of Sodom? * What “rules” of collective punishment are underscored by the story of Sodom, the Concubine of Gibeah, and the statute of the “Rejected City”? * What does the Concubine of Gibeah story tell us about collective punishment? * How did the attitude of prophecy toward collective punishment shift, and why? * What is the connection between col...

55 MIN2018 FEB 1
Comments
Collective Punishment -- Divine Morality and Human Justice

Behind the Scenes of the Hanukkah Story: The Books of the Maccabees

What was behind Antiochus’s decrees? Was Hanukkah really the end of the fight for independence? And what was the difference between Judean and Diaspora views of the Hanukkah story and the Hasmonean revolt? Iexplored these questions through a talk on the First and Second Books of the Maccabees – two books written in different languages, one in Judea and one in the Diaspora. And here is the recording! Be sure to download the source sheets. Keep in mind that this is an informal lecture, so you’ll hear discussion and some background noise. If you would like to read the entirebooks,I recommendthe New English Translation of the Septuagint for 1Maccabees and 2 Maccabees,available free onlinethroughthe University of Pennsylvania NETS site, Clarification of someimportant points: * When I talked about the “Return to Zion” as a defining time period for the Hebrew Bible, I meant the entire period, not the very beginning of the return to Jerusalem following the Babylonian Exile. Haggai, Zec...

50 MIN2017 DEC 10
Comments
Behind the Scenes of the Hanukkah Story: The Books of the Maccabees

Concepts of Sin -- The Meaning of Scripture and Sin as Burden

In this episode, we discuss what it means for our changing understanding of sin to have a canonized, “frozen” Scripture that must remain relevant, and begin exploring the biblical ideas of “sin as a burden” and intergenerational punishment. Why would someone believe that future generations could suffer for the sins of a previous one?

32 MIN2017 NOV 16
Comments
Concepts of Sin -- The Meaning of Scripture and Sin as Burden

Latest Episodes

Dead Sea Scrolls & 2nd Temple Literature #2: The Book of Jubilees

Join us for a discussion of the Book of Jubilees, a prime example of “Rewritten Bible.” * Why would an author in antiquity want to believe in demons roaming with God’s permission?* How did writers in the Second Temple period attempt to “fix” the biblical text?* What biblical topics became a theological problem for Jews of this period? Listen and find out! You can download the source sheets here.

61 MINMAR 29
Comments
Dead Sea Scrolls & 2nd Temple Literature #2: The Book of Jubilees

Minor Prophets #1: Introduction to Minor Prophets – Trei Asar

Welcome to yet another new series! This class in Hebrew Bible will alternate with the Second Temple literature series. This introductory class will give you a quick overview of what makes the Twelve Minor Prophets — also known as Trei Asar — special. * What is exceptional about the “span” of these prophets?* Why are they grouped together?* What are their unique ideas?* Why are they so central for biblical prophecy? As the class continues, we will learn each of these books in turn. Please note: the sound quality in this talk is not the best. It will improve in future lectures. Download the source sheets here: * Order of the Minor Prophets* Timeline of the Prophetic Books * Chazal on Trei Asar – Minor Prophets

49 MINMAR 21
Comments
Minor Prophets #1: Introduction to Minor Prophets – Trei Asar

Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Literature #1: Introduction

Welcome to the beginning of a new lecture series: an overview of Jewish texts of the Second Temple period and the Dead Sea Scrolls. In this first, introductory class, we explore what makes these texts special and why we should learn them. Join us as we discuss the different collections of Jewish works from this period and touch on a wide range of important books, including Judith, Tobit, the books of the Maccabees, 1 Enoch, Jubilees and 4 Ezra. I hope that this talk whets your appetite for the series to come! Download the class handout here.

53 MINMAR 14
Comments
Dead Sea Scrolls and Second Temple Literature #1: Introduction

#31: The Concubine of Gibeah – Pilegesh BaGive’ah

In this class, we discuss the ultimate example of collective punishment gone horribly, horribly wrong: the Concubine of Gibeah, known in Hebrew as Pilegesh BaGive’ah. This story closes the book of Judges (chapters 19-21), and for good reason. Join us as we discover its “Twilight Zone”-style reality and explore the downward spiral begun by legitimate outrage. We will look at the story’s inherent contradictions, its puzzling portrayal of its “protagonists,” contrasts with the Saul story, and more!

90 MINMAR 7
Comments
#31: The Concubine of Gibeah – Pilegesh BaGive’ah

#30: Collective and Intergenerational Punishment in the Bible – Review

We’re back! Join us as we engage in a high-level discussion on the different views of collective and intergenerational punishment in the Bible. * What does God and Abraham’s conversation on Sodom tell us about justice?* How is the problematic nature of collective punishment portrayed in the Hebrew Bible?* What problems does the concept of intergenerational punishment “solve” for its ancient audience?* How do Ezekiel and Jeremiah differ in their attitude to the idea that punishment lasts over generations?* What are the basic differences in the biblical attitude(s) toward collective and intergenerational punishment? I’m glad to be back with you! Please leave your questions or comments below.

47 MINFEB 21
Comments
#30: Collective and Intergenerational Punishment in the Bible – Review

#29: Ezekiel, Intergenerational Punishment & Individual Responsibility - Understanding Sin and Evil

This podcast is a continuation of the previous discussion on the shift of the biblical view and representation of intergenerational punishment. In this podcast, we delve into Ezekiel and his presentation of the “way things work”: there is no intergenerational punishment, and each individual is responsible for him or herself at every moment. Ezekiel is prophesying at the same time as Jeremiah, who presents the same negative attitude towards intergenerational punishment while still considering it a fact of everyday life. According to Jeremiah, it is only in the future age of redemption when intergenerational punishment will no longer exist. Why is there this shift towards individual responsibility, and why is it so important for Ezekiel’s audience? Listen to find out!

35 MIN2018 JUL 5
Comments
#29: Ezekiel, Intergenerational Punishment & Individual Responsibility - Understanding Sin and Evil

Intergenerational Punishment - Changing Worldviews in the Bible

In this episode we discuss the approach to divine intergenerational punishment (the punishment of a future generation for the sins of a past generation) in the Bible, such as in the “Divine Attributes” enumerated in Exodus, and how we can see a distinctive shift in the attitude toward intergenerational punishment in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Why did such a shift occur? What “problems” does the belief in intergenerational punishment solve, and why does the attitude toward this punishment change so drastically at the end of the First Temple period? Listen and post your questions and comments here!

32 MIN2018 JUL 5
Comments
Intergenerational Punishment - Changing Worldviews in the Bible

Collective Punishment -- Divine Morality and Human Justice

In this far-reaching episode, we discuss the idea of collective punishment in the Hebrew Bible, the problems it poses in the context of divine morality, and its (strict) limits in human justice. We explore the stories of Sodom and the Concubine of Gibeah, the statute of the “Rejected City” of Deuteronomy, and how the approach toward collective punishment changed in the course of biblical prophecy. In this episode, we discuss: * What are the differences between the “status” of collective punishment and intergenerational punishment in the Hebrew Bible? * What assumptions underlie Abraham’s dialogue with God preceding the destruction of Sodom? * What “rules” of collective punishment are underscored by the story of Sodom, the Concubine of Gibeah, and the statute of the “Rejected City”? * What does the Concubine of Gibeah story tell us about collective punishment? * How did the attitude of prophecy toward collective punishment shift, and why? * What is the connection between col...

55 MIN2018 FEB 1
Comments
Collective Punishment -- Divine Morality and Human Justice

Behind the Scenes of the Hanukkah Story: The Books of the Maccabees

What was behind Antiochus’s decrees? Was Hanukkah really the end of the fight for independence? And what was the difference between Judean and Diaspora views of the Hanukkah story and the Hasmonean revolt? Iexplored these questions through a talk on the First and Second Books of the Maccabees – two books written in different languages, one in Judea and one in the Diaspora. And here is the recording! Be sure to download the source sheets. Keep in mind that this is an informal lecture, so you’ll hear discussion and some background noise. If you would like to read the entirebooks,I recommendthe New English Translation of the Septuagint for 1Maccabees and 2 Maccabees,available free onlinethroughthe University of Pennsylvania NETS site, Clarification of someimportant points: * When I talked about the “Return to Zion” as a defining time period for the Hebrew Bible, I meant the entire period, not the very beginning of the return to Jerusalem following the Babylonian Exile. Haggai, Zec...

50 MIN2017 DEC 10
Comments
Behind the Scenes of the Hanukkah Story: The Books of the Maccabees

Concepts of Sin -- The Meaning of Scripture and Sin as Burden

In this episode, we discuss what it means for our changing understanding of sin to have a canonized, “frozen” Scripture that must remain relevant, and begin exploring the biblical ideas of “sin as a burden” and intergenerational punishment. Why would someone believe that future generations could suffer for the sins of a previous one?

32 MIN2017 NOV 16
Comments
Concepts of Sin -- The Meaning of Scripture and Sin as Burden