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Real World Gardener Podcasts

Marianne Cannon

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Real World Gardener Podcasts

Real World Gardener Podcasts

Marianne Cannon

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Radio program Sydney, Australia. Garden Design, Growing Vegetables Trees and Flowers, Garden Tools, Plant Care and Plant Health, Attracting Wildlife to your Garden.

Latest Episodes

Real World Gardener Billy Buttons in Plant of the Week

PLANT OF THE WEEK Pycnosurus globusus: Billy Buttons Do you like the sound of a plant that has flowers like buttons the size of your thumb but on stalks, with grey strappy leaves? What if I tell you it’s an Australian native, a perennial and loves dry weather, would you be interested then? I'm talking with Adrian O’Malley native plant expert and horticulturist. Let’s find out about it Billy buttons is a dense groundcover that spreads around 50cm in width. Supported by an underground rhizome which allows it spread. Grow it from seed, grow it from division, but just grow this sturdy groundcover like plant with yellow buttons made up of thousands of tiny flowers on tall stalks. Botanical Bite: The flower isapseudanthiumconsisting of between three and eight florets surrounded by bracts. The petals are joined to form a small tube and the florets with their surrounding bracts are yellow or golden-yellow. each flower head may contain over a thousand individual flowers. Best is less humid climates, although it can be grown in temperate regions of the east coast. Short lived perennial, 3-4 years.

6 MIN2019 DEC 22
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Real World Gardener Billy Buttons in Plant of the Week

Real World Gardener So You Think You Need a Landscaper part 2 in Design Elements

DESIGN ELEMENTS So You Think You Need A Landscaper part 2 You may have seen two- dimensional garden designs and wanted something similar for your garden, but is that kind of thing totally necessary? Could a free hand sketch be just as good as long as it was to scale? Let’s find out. I'm talking with Peter Nixon Project manager and landscape designer for Paradisus garden design.www.peternixon.com.au Peter advises to choose a landscape or garden designer that provides availability lists and photos of the plants that are in the design. To many people, plant names, whether common or scientific, just don't mean anything. But, if they are provided with a photo of what the plant can look like in a particular situation, say a screening hedge of Magnolia grandiflora St Mary's, then they will have a better idea. If you want more than just new garden beds and new plants, you may just want a garden designer. But if you want more doing than just plants, you’ll need project manager who is also a garden or landscape designer.

8 MIN2019 DEC 22
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Real World Gardener So You Think You Need a Landscaper part 2 in Design Elements

Real World Gardener Allspice vs Cloves on Spice It Up

SPICE IT UP Allspice vs Cloves How well do you know your spices? Would you think for instance, that allspice and mixed spice are the same? Pimenta doica_allspice tree with berries. Would cloves be a good substitute to save you running to the store, if you ran out? Let’s find out. I'm talking with Ian Hemphill fromwww.herbies.com.au Even the Spaniards were confused with the allspice berry when they invaded Jamaica, thinking it was a type of pepper. Probably why the allspice tree isPimento doica. The allspice berries are picked when they're green and put out to dry in the sun. Allspice and cloves The heat of the sun activates the enzyme which turns the berries dark brown. At night, the berries are heaped into a pile and covered with a tarpaulin. The next day they are spread out in the sun again. This process is repeated over three to four days, by the end of which time, a volatile oil develops called eugenol. It turns out that allspice and basil, also have a lot in common, because both contain the essential oil eugenol. That means both are perfect partners in tomato dishes. But it also turns out you can use allspice instead of mixedspice but at 1/3 of the quantity because it’s much stronger. The clove tree is Syzygium aromaticum. The unopened flower bud is the clove. If you have any questions, please write in to Realworldgardener@gmail.comor write in to 2rrr, PO Box 644 Gladesville NSW 1675.

10 MIN2019 DEC 22
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Real World Gardener Allspice vs Cloves on Spice It Up

Real World Gardener Dandelions in Grow Your Gealth

GROW YOUR HEALTH Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale I’ve talked about weeds on this program, not just controlling weeds but eating weeds. It’s not something that I’ve got my head around yet, but one weed that is being showcased today has been used in herbal medicine and nutrtition for quite a while. Apparently it’s good for your liver. Let’s find out what it is. I'm talking with Simone Jeffries, naturopath, nutritionist and wellness coach ofwww.simonejeffriesnaturopath.com.au The leaf has a serrated edge forming a basal rosette, with a strong taproot. Dandelion flowers have only ray florets, and no disc florets, therefore no centre. Milky sap comes from the stem. It’s good though that dandelion coffee or tea has the same health benefits. Simone recommends eating the leaf because they are bitter. Bitterness is good for us, because it stimulates the appetite. Dandelion leaves are best when young because they become more bitter with age. Add to a salad, incorporate into a pesto or m...

7 MIN2019 DEC 12
Comments
Real World Gardener Dandelions in Grow Your Gealth

Real World Gardener Swamp Banksia in Plant of the Week

PLANT OF THE WEEK Banksia robur: Swamp Banksia Here we have a small tree that’s gnarly and twisted but its scientific name suggests that it will grow into a strong upright tree, possibly an English oak. Regardless of the fact that the tree is nothing like an English oak, even though it is robust, the botanical name still remains. Banksia robur photo Adrian O'Malley Which is strange, because botanists seem to like to change scientific names on a regular basis. Let’s find out about it I'm talking with Adrian O’Malley, horticulturist and native plant expert. The flower spikes appear in autumn and winter, perfect for providing food for nectar feeding birds when food is scarce. Not grey leaves this time, but they’re really large, up to 30cm in length and quite leathery, with wonderful bluish green flowers. As Adrian says, if you buy a small Banksia robur expecting it to grow into a shrub, it may just start going sideways and there’s no pruning that will make it go upwards. Banksia r...

7 MIN2019 DEC 6
Comments
Real World Gardener Swamp Banksia in Plant of the Week

Real World Gardener Pruning 101 Aftercare in Design Elements

DESIGN ELEMENTS Pruning 101 After Care You’ve pruned the branches on that tree so you can walk underneath it, but what do you need to be careful of? Are there trees that don’t really need much pruning at all? What care should be taken when you finished all that pruning? All these questions answered and more. I'm talking with Jason Cornish fromwww.urbanmeadows.com.au Let’s find out. For grafted trees, or shrubs, this includes roses, if there is a shoot below the graft, called a sucker, that must come off because it belongs to the vigorous understock. If left there, this shoot will take over from the upper part of the tree or shrub, which may actually die off if you don’t remove the sucker. Pruning a peach tree Pruning fruiting trees is best carried out when buds have begun to swell but not fully open, if you want to do formative pruning. Remove about one -third of growth each year, keeping in mind that peach trees fruit on one your old wood. Unlike other fruit trees, peach trees ...

7 MIN2019 DEC 6
Comments
Real World Gardener Pruning 101 Aftercare in Design Elements

Real World Gardener Cassia vs Cinnamon part 2 in Spice It Up

SPICE IT UP Cassia vs Cinnamon part 2 Last week in part 1 of this segment about cinnamon and cassia, Ian the herb and spice expert talked mainly about where and how, each of these spices are produced. One thing to note:in America,Cassia Cinnamonis just called cinnamon and Sri Lankan cinnamon is called Mexican cinnamon. Keep this in mind when reading recipes on the internet or in American cookbooks. Also, how to tell them apart just by looking at the cinnamon sticks, or feeling and tasting the power. This time, we’re delving a bit deeper and giving out some recipe ideas also. I'm talking with was Ian Hemphill fromwww.herbies.com.au Let’s find out. PLAY: Cinnamon and Cassia part 2_ 27th November 2019 There were some tricks of the spice trade to trap unwary customers. Cassia is from a different tree mianly grown in China, Japan and Vietnam. Cassia on the left: Cinnamon on the right All of the bark is taken from the tree to make cassia quills. These look deceptively like the more expe...

7 MIN2019 DEC 6
Comments
Real World Gardener Cassia vs Cinnamon part 2 in Spice It Up

Real World Gardener Sea Urchin Hakea in Plant of the Week

PLANT OF THE WEEK Hakea petiolaris; Sea Urchin Hakea There are many reasons to like a particular plant which affects our choices. For some it’s the flowers or the perfume, for others it’s the colour of the leaves. But for something completely different, others like a plant because of the sound the wind makes through the leaves of that particular plant. Hakea petiolaris flower So what will appeal with this plant? I'm talking with Adrian O’Malley, horticulturist and native plant expert. Let’s find out. For grey leaves, and spectacular flowers, the hakea is something to think about if you want a native small tree. Medium tree 5 to 11 m high. Leaves are pale grey, broadly obovate in shape and range from 5-15cm long by 2.3-6cm wide. Endemic to the south west of Australia, occurring at the coastal plain, jarrah forest and wheatbelt regions, often at the ancient granite outcrops of Western Australia. The only thing to watch for is high humidity can make them short lived. Still, if you ...

7 MIN2019 NOV 29
Comments
Real World Gardener Sea Urchin Hakea in Plant of the Week

Real World Gardener Pruning Evergreen vs Deciduous part 3 in Design Elements

DESIGN ELEMENTS Pruning 101: Deciduous vs Evergreen. Deciduous and evergreen plants have different pruning needs. Have you ever had a shrub, say philadelphus that you thought wasn’t performing-no flowers for several years, so you transplanted it or pulled it out? Perhaps you weren’t timing it right? I'm talking with Jason Cornish fromwww.urbanmeadows.com.au Let’s find out. Marianne's Tips on Pruning Pruning group Pruning method Time of pruning Examples of plants Flower on current season’s growth Old wood thing. New growth shortened. Winter/early spring Roses, abelia, buddleia. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flowers on previous season’s growth Immediately after flowering Spring Spiraea, Rondeletia,Prunus glandulosa, Acacia, Callistemon, Grevillea Flowering on older wood and spurs Maintain tidy shape After flowering Prunus cerasifera & other prunus species For showy fruits Cut away most of leaders After fruiting if needed Cotoneaster, pyracantha, Berberis spp. For showy foliage Prune 50%...

6 MIN2019 NOV 29
Comments
Real World Gardener Pruning Evergreen vs Deciduous part 3 in Design Elements

Real World Gardener Cinnamon Vs Cassia part 1 in Spice It Up

SPICE IT UP Cinnamon and Cassia part 1 Most if not all, cooks or chefs would’ve used cinnamon in their cooking at some time or other. However, most likely the powdered form was used mainly. What about the cinnamon sticks? Cinnamomum zeylanicum Is that where the powdered from comes from? If it's the bark of a tree, how does cinnamon get harvested? Who rolls those sticks, is it by machine or by hand? Let’s find out. I'm talking with Ian Hemphill fromwww.herbies.com.au There are two types of cinnamon, Sri Lankan cinnamon or Cinnamomum zeylanicum, (pictured) and Cinnamomum cassia or just 'cassia." They come from different trees and are grown in different countries.Cassia cinnamon is grown in China, Japan and Vietnam. Can you imagine all those cinnamon sticks that are from Sri Lanka, are all hand rolled by ‘cinnamon rollers.’ You will know be able to tell the difference between cinnamon and cassia. The cinnamon scrolls have more rolls than cassia, and the cassia powder has quite a st...

7 MIN2019 NOV 29
Comments
Real World Gardener Cinnamon Vs Cassia part 1 in Spice It Up

Latest Episodes

Real World Gardener Billy Buttons in Plant of the Week

PLANT OF THE WEEK Pycnosurus globusus: Billy Buttons Do you like the sound of a plant that has flowers like buttons the size of your thumb but on stalks, with grey strappy leaves? What if I tell you it’s an Australian native, a perennial and loves dry weather, would you be interested then? I'm talking with Adrian O’Malley native plant expert and horticulturist. Let’s find out about it Billy buttons is a dense groundcover that spreads around 50cm in width. Supported by an underground rhizome which allows it spread. Grow it from seed, grow it from division, but just grow this sturdy groundcover like plant with yellow buttons made up of thousands of tiny flowers on tall stalks. Botanical Bite: The flower isapseudanthiumconsisting of between three and eight florets surrounded by bracts. The petals are joined to form a small tube and the florets with their surrounding bracts are yellow or golden-yellow. each flower head may contain over a thousand individual flowers. Best is less humid climates, although it can be grown in temperate regions of the east coast. Short lived perennial, 3-4 years.

6 MIN2019 DEC 22
Comments
Real World Gardener Billy Buttons in Plant of the Week

Real World Gardener So You Think You Need a Landscaper part 2 in Design Elements

DESIGN ELEMENTS So You Think You Need A Landscaper part 2 You may have seen two- dimensional garden designs and wanted something similar for your garden, but is that kind of thing totally necessary? Could a free hand sketch be just as good as long as it was to scale? Let’s find out. I'm talking with Peter Nixon Project manager and landscape designer for Paradisus garden design.www.peternixon.com.au Peter advises to choose a landscape or garden designer that provides availability lists and photos of the plants that are in the design. To many people, plant names, whether common or scientific, just don't mean anything. But, if they are provided with a photo of what the plant can look like in a particular situation, say a screening hedge of Magnolia grandiflora St Mary's, then they will have a better idea. If you want more than just new garden beds and new plants, you may just want a garden designer. But if you want more doing than just plants, you’ll need project manager who is also a garden or landscape designer.

8 MIN2019 DEC 22
Comments
Real World Gardener So You Think You Need a Landscaper part 2 in Design Elements

Real World Gardener Allspice vs Cloves on Spice It Up

SPICE IT UP Allspice vs Cloves How well do you know your spices? Would you think for instance, that allspice and mixed spice are the same? Pimenta doica_allspice tree with berries. Would cloves be a good substitute to save you running to the store, if you ran out? Let’s find out. I'm talking with Ian Hemphill fromwww.herbies.com.au Even the Spaniards were confused with the allspice berry when they invaded Jamaica, thinking it was a type of pepper. Probably why the allspice tree isPimento doica. The allspice berries are picked when they're green and put out to dry in the sun. Allspice and cloves The heat of the sun activates the enzyme which turns the berries dark brown. At night, the berries are heaped into a pile and covered with a tarpaulin. The next day they are spread out in the sun again. This process is repeated over three to four days, by the end of which time, a volatile oil develops called eugenol. It turns out that allspice and basil, also have a lot in common, because both contain the essential oil eugenol. That means both are perfect partners in tomato dishes. But it also turns out you can use allspice instead of mixedspice but at 1/3 of the quantity because it’s much stronger. The clove tree is Syzygium aromaticum. The unopened flower bud is the clove. If you have any questions, please write in to Realworldgardener@gmail.comor write in to 2rrr, PO Box 644 Gladesville NSW 1675.

10 MIN2019 DEC 22
Comments
Real World Gardener Allspice vs Cloves on Spice It Up

Real World Gardener Dandelions in Grow Your Gealth

GROW YOUR HEALTH Dandelion: Taraxacum officinale I’ve talked about weeds on this program, not just controlling weeds but eating weeds. It’s not something that I’ve got my head around yet, but one weed that is being showcased today has been used in herbal medicine and nutrtition for quite a while. Apparently it’s good for your liver. Let’s find out what it is. I'm talking with Simone Jeffries, naturopath, nutritionist and wellness coach ofwww.simonejeffriesnaturopath.com.au The leaf has a serrated edge forming a basal rosette, with a strong taproot. Dandelion flowers have only ray florets, and no disc florets, therefore no centre. Milky sap comes from the stem. It’s good though that dandelion coffee or tea has the same health benefits. Simone recommends eating the leaf because they are bitter. Bitterness is good for us, because it stimulates the appetite. Dandelion leaves are best when young because they become more bitter with age. Add to a salad, incorporate into a pesto or m...

7 MIN2019 DEC 12
Comments
Real World Gardener Dandelions in Grow Your Gealth

Real World Gardener Swamp Banksia in Plant of the Week

PLANT OF THE WEEK Banksia robur: Swamp Banksia Here we have a small tree that’s gnarly and twisted but its scientific name suggests that it will grow into a strong upright tree, possibly an English oak. Regardless of the fact that the tree is nothing like an English oak, even though it is robust, the botanical name still remains. Banksia robur photo Adrian O'Malley Which is strange, because botanists seem to like to change scientific names on a regular basis. Let’s find out about it I'm talking with Adrian O’Malley, horticulturist and native plant expert. The flower spikes appear in autumn and winter, perfect for providing food for nectar feeding birds when food is scarce. Not grey leaves this time, but they’re really large, up to 30cm in length and quite leathery, with wonderful bluish green flowers. As Adrian says, if you buy a small Banksia robur expecting it to grow into a shrub, it may just start going sideways and there’s no pruning that will make it go upwards. Banksia r...

7 MIN2019 DEC 6
Comments
Real World Gardener Swamp Banksia in Plant of the Week

Real World Gardener Pruning 101 Aftercare in Design Elements

DESIGN ELEMENTS Pruning 101 After Care You’ve pruned the branches on that tree so you can walk underneath it, but what do you need to be careful of? Are there trees that don’t really need much pruning at all? What care should be taken when you finished all that pruning? All these questions answered and more. I'm talking with Jason Cornish fromwww.urbanmeadows.com.au Let’s find out. For grafted trees, or shrubs, this includes roses, if there is a shoot below the graft, called a sucker, that must come off because it belongs to the vigorous understock. If left there, this shoot will take over from the upper part of the tree or shrub, which may actually die off if you don’t remove the sucker. Pruning a peach tree Pruning fruiting trees is best carried out when buds have begun to swell but not fully open, if you want to do formative pruning. Remove about one -third of growth each year, keeping in mind that peach trees fruit on one your old wood. Unlike other fruit trees, peach trees ...

7 MIN2019 DEC 6
Comments
Real World Gardener Pruning 101 Aftercare in Design Elements

Real World Gardener Cassia vs Cinnamon part 2 in Spice It Up

SPICE IT UP Cassia vs Cinnamon part 2 Last week in part 1 of this segment about cinnamon and cassia, Ian the herb and spice expert talked mainly about where and how, each of these spices are produced. One thing to note:in America,Cassia Cinnamonis just called cinnamon and Sri Lankan cinnamon is called Mexican cinnamon. Keep this in mind when reading recipes on the internet or in American cookbooks. Also, how to tell them apart just by looking at the cinnamon sticks, or feeling and tasting the power. This time, we’re delving a bit deeper and giving out some recipe ideas also. I'm talking with was Ian Hemphill fromwww.herbies.com.au Let’s find out. PLAY: Cinnamon and Cassia part 2_ 27th November 2019 There were some tricks of the spice trade to trap unwary customers. Cassia is from a different tree mianly grown in China, Japan and Vietnam. Cassia on the left: Cinnamon on the right All of the bark is taken from the tree to make cassia quills. These look deceptively like the more expe...

7 MIN2019 DEC 6
Comments
Real World Gardener Cassia vs Cinnamon part 2 in Spice It Up

Real World Gardener Sea Urchin Hakea in Plant of the Week

PLANT OF THE WEEK Hakea petiolaris; Sea Urchin Hakea There are many reasons to like a particular plant which affects our choices. For some it’s the flowers or the perfume, for others it’s the colour of the leaves. But for something completely different, others like a plant because of the sound the wind makes through the leaves of that particular plant. Hakea petiolaris flower So what will appeal with this plant? I'm talking with Adrian O’Malley, horticulturist and native plant expert. Let’s find out. For grey leaves, and spectacular flowers, the hakea is something to think about if you want a native small tree. Medium tree 5 to 11 m high. Leaves are pale grey, broadly obovate in shape and range from 5-15cm long by 2.3-6cm wide. Endemic to the south west of Australia, occurring at the coastal plain, jarrah forest and wheatbelt regions, often at the ancient granite outcrops of Western Australia. The only thing to watch for is high humidity can make them short lived. Still, if you ...

7 MIN2019 NOV 29
Comments
Real World Gardener Sea Urchin Hakea in Plant of the Week

Real World Gardener Pruning Evergreen vs Deciduous part 3 in Design Elements

DESIGN ELEMENTS Pruning 101: Deciduous vs Evergreen. Deciduous and evergreen plants have different pruning needs. Have you ever had a shrub, say philadelphus that you thought wasn’t performing-no flowers for several years, so you transplanted it or pulled it out? Perhaps you weren’t timing it right? I'm talking with Jason Cornish fromwww.urbanmeadows.com.au Let’s find out. Marianne's Tips on Pruning Pruning group Pruning method Time of pruning Examples of plants Flower on current season’s growth Old wood thing. New growth shortened. Winter/early spring Roses, abelia, buddleia. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flowers on previous season’s growth Immediately after flowering Spring Spiraea, Rondeletia,Prunus glandulosa, Acacia, Callistemon, Grevillea Flowering on older wood and spurs Maintain tidy shape After flowering Prunus cerasifera & other prunus species For showy fruits Cut away most of leaders After fruiting if needed Cotoneaster, pyracantha, Berberis spp. For showy foliage Prune 50%...

6 MIN2019 NOV 29
Comments
Real World Gardener Pruning Evergreen vs Deciduous part 3 in Design Elements

Real World Gardener Cinnamon Vs Cassia part 1 in Spice It Up

SPICE IT UP Cinnamon and Cassia part 1 Most if not all, cooks or chefs would’ve used cinnamon in their cooking at some time or other. However, most likely the powdered form was used mainly. What about the cinnamon sticks? Cinnamomum zeylanicum Is that where the powdered from comes from? If it's the bark of a tree, how does cinnamon get harvested? Who rolls those sticks, is it by machine or by hand? Let’s find out. I'm talking with Ian Hemphill fromwww.herbies.com.au There are two types of cinnamon, Sri Lankan cinnamon or Cinnamomum zeylanicum, (pictured) and Cinnamomum cassia or just 'cassia." They come from different trees and are grown in different countries.Cassia cinnamon is grown in China, Japan and Vietnam. Can you imagine all those cinnamon sticks that are from Sri Lanka, are all hand rolled by ‘cinnamon rollers.’ You will know be able to tell the difference between cinnamon and cassia. The cinnamon scrolls have more rolls than cassia, and the cassia powder has quite a st...

7 MIN2019 NOV 29
Comments
Real World Gardener Cinnamon Vs Cassia part 1 in Spice It Up
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